Definition, Symptoms, And Treatment Of Concussions, Traumatic Brain Injury, Post Concussion Syndrome, And Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy | Heidi Moawad, MD | RxEconsult
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Definition, Symptoms, And Treatment Of Concussions, Traumatic Brain Injury, Post Concussion Syndrome, And Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Category: Neurology: Alzheimer's, Dementia, Development by - March 6, 2016 | Views: 31160 | Likes: 0 | Comment: 0  

Definition Of Post-concussion Syndrome Or Post-concussive  Syndrome?

Post-concussion syndrome or post-concussive syndrome (PCS) describes persistent neurological symptoms after a concussion has occurred. Post-concussion syndrome may last from anywhere from weeks to years after a concussion. It is difficult to predict who is more likely to suffer from post-concussion symptoms after a concussion, but current research shows that individuals who have depression prior to experiencing a concussion are more prone to developing post-concussion symptoms. 

Symptoms Of Post-concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome continues for longer than a few weeks after a concussion. Symptoms include persistent headaches, irritability, depression and/or anger, anxiety, trouble concentrating and persistent tiredness. These symptoms may wax and wane over the course of a post-concussion syndrome. Typically, post-concussion syndrome does not worsen over time and usually improves partially or completely within one or two years.  

Diagnosis Of Post-concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome is a diagnosis made through ongoing clinical evaluation by a neurologist or a behavioral specialist who follows the patient's persistent symptoms over time and confirms that they are a consequence of the concussion, and not another injury or disease. 

Definition Of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)

CTE describes the microscopic damage that happens in the brain after repeated head trauma, usually on several different occasions. CTE is often associated with contact sports, but other situations, such as recurrent accidents, military injuries or physical abuse can cause CTE.

Signs and Symptoms Of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)

The symptoms of CTE are similar to the symptoms of post-concussion syndrome, but the symptoms are more severe and generally worsen over time. The worsening of CTE, in contrast to the slow improvement of post-concussion syndrome, is due to the fact that CTE is the result of repeated head injury while post-concussion syndrome is usually the result of one concussion. 

Diagnosis Of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

CTE is a description of the microscopic changes in the brain that occur after repeated head trauma. Currently, the diagnosis of CTE is only possible after an affected person's death. Recent attention to head injury has prompted several professional athletes to request that their brains be studied after their death. The results of these studies have added to the medical knowledge about the condition and it is likely that a clinical diagnosis of CTE while the affected person is still living, could become possible in the future. 

Next: Treatment And Long-Term Outcomes 

 
 
 


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