What are Biologic Drugs?
According to the FDA, biologic drugs include:
Biologics may contain sugars, proteins, or nucleic acids or complex combinations of these substances, or may be living cells and tissues. Biologics are produced from human, animal, or microorganism by using modern biotechnology techniques and other advanced technologies. Gene-based and cellular biologics are the most advanced medicines that are used to alleviate and often cure medical conditions that used to be untreatable.
How are biological drugs different from other drugs?
Biologics are more complex than drugs that are chemically produced in a laboratory and they tend to be heat sensitive and susceptible to contamination because they contain proteins and other components of living material. Most biologic drugs are administered by injection because they are not available as tablets. The most important aspect of biologic drugs is that they are often the best option for treating and curing medical illnesses and conditions (including inheritable conditions) that have no other treatments.
Here is a list of FDA-approved biologics for the following medical conditons:
Fibrinolytic therapy (also known as clot busters) are used for opening clogged blood vessels in patients who are being treated for an acute heart attack. Anticoagulants are used to prevent blood clots in blood vessels or a stent in people undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to increase blood flow in clogged artery.
Biologic Medications for Cardiovascular Conditions:
Next: Biologics for Neurological, Dermatology, Eye Conditions