Review Of Insulin Lispro, Glargine, Detemir, Aspart, Glulisine, Humulin, and Novolin | Steven Ma, PharmD | RxEconsult
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Review of Insulin Types Category: Diabetes by - June 4, 2014 | Views: 83065 | Likes: 4 | Comment: 1  

Rapid-acting insulin: This type of insulin is administered just before a meal to help control blood glucose that will come from the meal. Since this insulin works very quickly it is convenient for patients to just inject and eat. The patient does not need to plan in advance when to eat. Rapid-acting insulin is also more effective at lowering postprandial (after meals) blood glucose than regular insulin. A disadvantage with this type of insulin is that the patient will have to inject at least two to three times a day to compensate for each meal. In addition, it is usually used along with an intermediate or long-acting insulin.     

Humalog (insulin lispro)- Onset: 15-30 minutes, Peak: 1-2 hours, Duration: 3-4 hours

Novolog (insulin aspart)- Onset: 15-30 minutes, Peak: 1-2 hours, Duration: 3-5 hours

Apidra (insulin glulisine)- Onset: 15-30 minutes, Peak: 1-2 hours, Duration: 3-4 hours

Regular or Short-acting insulin: Similar to rapid-acting insulin, this regular or short-acting insulin is also administered before a meal to help control blood glucose that will come from the meal. Since regular insulin takes slightly longer to start working patients will have to inject about 30 minutes before eating. This requires more planning and coordination of insulin injections around meal times. On the other hand effect of regular insulin will last longer than rapid-acting insulin and will reduce blood glucose for a longer period of time. Regular insulin's slower onset does not hold true when administered intravenously (IV) and is used in hospitals to reduce blood glucose quickly.

Humulin R (regular)- Onset: 30-60 minutes, Peak: 2-3 hours, Duration: 4-6 hours

Novolin R (regular)- Onset: 30-60 minutes, Peak: 2-3 hours, Duration: 4-6 hours

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Also Read: Type 1 Diabetes: Insulin Side Effects, Blood Glucose Monitoring, And Complications

 
 


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